cognitive distortion cognitive distortion
  • 1. All-or-nothing thinking: You restrict possibilities and options to only two choices: yes or no (all or nothing). 

  • 2. Over generalization: You view a single, negative event as a continuing and neverending pattern of defeat. 

  • 3. Negative Mental filter: You dwell mostly on the negatives and generally ignore the positives.

  • 4. Discounting the positives: You insist your achievements or positive efforts do not count.

  • 5. Jumping to conclusions:  A. Mind-reading: You assume that people are reacting negatively to you without any objective evidence.    B. Fortune-Telling: You predict that things will turn out badly without any objective evidence.

  • 6. Magnification or minimization: You blow things way out of proportion or minimize their importance. 

  • 7. Emotional reasoning: You base your reasoning from your feelings: "I feel like a loser, so I must be one."

  • 8. "Mustabatory thinking" or "Shoulding All Over Yourself": You criticize yourself or other people with "musts," "shoulds," "oughts," and "have tos."

  • 9. Labeling: Instead of saying "I made a mistake," you tell yourself "I\'m an idiot" or "I\'m a loser."

  • 10.Personalization: You blame yourself almost completely for something for which you were not entirely responsible. 

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